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Table 3 Top 10 food and beverages by percent energy contribution to snacking among Australian children 2-16y, based on the National Nutrition Surveys 1995, 2007 and 2011–12

From: Weekday snacking prevalence, frequency, and energy contribution have increased while foods consumed during snacking have shifted among Australian children and adolescents: 1995, 2007 and 2011–12 National Nutrition Surveys

Ranking Food and beverage groupa Contribution to total energy from snacking (%) Consumers during snacking (%) (n = 2340) Energy intake during snacking (kJ) Portion size per consumer (g)
   Mean SE CI (95%) % Mean SE CI (95%) Mean SE CI (95%)
1995            
1 Fruit and vegetable juices, and drinks 8.6 0.4 7.8–9.3 34.7 160.7 7.0 147.0–174.4 268.4 9.3 250.0–286.7
2 Sweet biscuits 7.1 0.4 6.4–7.8 22.3 138.2 7.7 123.2–153.2 31.8 1.3 29.3–34.4
3 Regular breads, and rolls 6.8 0.3 6.2–7.4 23.7 181.2 8.5 164.4–197.9 72.1 2.1 68.0–76.1
4 Pome fruit 5.6 0.3 4.9–6.3 22.1 68.2 3.1 62.2–74.3 153.4 3.7 146.1–160.6
5 Dairy milk 5.4 0.3 4.8–6.0 19.0 131.7 7.5 117.0–146.4 271.8 9.9 252.3–291.2
6 Cakes, buns, muffins, scones, cake-type desserts 5.4 0.3 4.7–6.1 12.9 144.5 10.2 124.4–164.5 79.4 3.7 72.0–86.7
7 Chocolate and chocolate-based confectionery 4.1 0.3 3.5–4.6 14.1 92.9 8.0 77.2–108.5 32.9 2.2 28.6–37.2
8 Potato snacks 3.8 0.3 3.3–4.3 11.6 78.3 5.7 67.2–89.5 31.7 1.4 29.0–34.5
9 Soft drinks, flavoured mineral waters and electrolyte drinks 3.5 0.3 2.9–4.0 13.5 73.4 5.2 63.3–83.6 368.7 14.1 341.0–396.3
10 Savoury biscuits 3.3 0.2 2.9–3.8 14.0 63.9 4.5 55.0–72.8 23.6 1.1 21.4–25.7
Ranking Food and beverage groupa Contribution to total energy from snacking (%) Consumers during snacking (%) (n = 3637) Energy intake during snacking (kJ) Portion size per consumer (g)
   Mean SE CI (95%) % Mean SE CI (95%) Mean SE CI (95%)
2007            
1 Sweet biscuits 7.0 0.3 6.5–7.6 23.6 138.7 5.3 128.2–149.1 29.7 0.7 28.3–31.1
2 Pome fruit 6.9 0.3 6.4–7.4 29.8 107.2 3.3 100.8–113.6 158.4 2.6 153.3–163.5
3 Regular breads, and bread rolls 6.3 0.2 5.8–6.7 22.1 162.5 6.2 150.4–174.7 69.7 1.5 66.8–72.6
4 Cakes, buns, muffins, scones, cake-type desserts 6.1 0.3 5.5–6.6 13.9 168.1 8.7 151.0–185.3 80.4 2.5 75.4–85.3
5 Savoury biscuits 5.1 0.2 4.7–5.6 22.8 101.7 4.3 93.4–110.1 23.9 0.6 22.6–25.2
6 Dairy milk (cow, sheep and goat) 4.7 0.2 4.3–5.1 18.2 119.3 5.2 109.2–129.4 251.8 6.1 239.8–263.7
7 Cereal-, fruit-, nut- and seed-bars 3.8 0.2 3.4–4.1 14.5 76.1 3.5 69.2–82.9 32.8 0.7 31.4–34.2
8 Tropical fruit 3.7 0.2 3.3–4.1 15.7 59.6 2.5 54.6–64.6 112.3 2.2 108.0–116.7
9 Potato snacks 3.6 0.2 3.2–4.0 11.9 79.0 4.5 70.3–87.8 30.9 1.0 28.8–32.9
10 Chocolate and chocolate-based confectionery 3.0 0.2 2.6–3.3 10.9 67.2 4.3 58.8–75.6 29.8 1.3 27.3–32.4
Ranking Food and beverage groupa Contribution to total energy from snacking (%) Consumers during snacking (%) (n = 2281) Energy intake during snacking (kJ) Portion size per consumer (g)
   Mean SE CI (95%) % Mean SE CI (95%) Mean SE CI (95%)
2011–12            
1 Sweet biscuits 6.7 0.3 6.1–7.4 23.7 154.8 8.5 138.2–171.5 33.4 1.3 30.8–36.0
2 Pome fruit 6.6 0.3 6.0–7.2 26.3 111.2 4.5 102.4–120.1 176.8 3.8 169.3–184.3
3 Regular breads, and bread rolls 5.8 0.3 5.2–6.3 20.0 136.5 6.4 124.0–149.0 64.6 1.3 62.0–67.2
4 Cakes, muffins, scones, cake-type desserts 5.7 0.4 5.0–6.4 19 192.6 13.6 165.9–219.3 106.8 4.3 98.3–115.2
5 Savoury biscuits 5.1 0.3 4.5–5.7 19 127.0 8.2 110.9–143.0 33.7 1.6 30.6–36.8
6 Mixed dishes where cereal is the major ingredient 4.3 0.3 3.7–4.9 9.2 153.0 12.0 129.5–176.6 238.2 10.7 217.1–259.4
7 Dairy milk (cow, sheep and goat) 4.1 0.3 3.5–4.6 15.3 95.2 5.9 83.6–106.7 244.9 8.7 227.7–262.1
8 Potato snacks 3.6 0.3 3.1–4.1 12.1 87.3 7.6 72.5–102.2 34.1 2.2 29.7–38.5
9 Muesli or cereal style bars 3.3 0.2 2.9–3.7 12.5 69.0 4.2 60.7–77.2 32.6 0.8 31.0–34.3
10 Tropical and subtropical fruit 2.8 0.2 2.4–3.2 12.9 51.1 3.0 45.2–57.0 107.3 2.8 101.7–112.8
  1. a Note: All three surveys contained the food group “fruit and vegetable juices, and drinks”, which included cordials in 1995, but in 2007 and 2011–12 “cordials” was a separate food group. The 1995 food group “soft drinks, flavoured mineral waters and electrolyte drinks” was composed of two food groups in 2007 and 2011: “soft drinks, and flavoured mineral waters” and “electrolyte, energy and fortified drinks”. The 1995 food group “cereal-, fruit-, nut- and seed-bars” was divided into two groups in 2007: “cereal-, fruit-, nut- and seed-bars” and “breakfast cereals and bars, unfortified and fortified varieties”, and two groups in 2011–12: “fruit, nut and seed-bars” and “muesli or cereal style bars”